The wand is a powerful tool of magick, said to date back to prehistoric times. It is employed by Witches and magicians mainly for directing magickal energy during spells and rituals, but can also be used to cast circles, enhance one’s focus, invoke spirits, heal the sick, charge objects and water, and so forth. The wand is also used in rituals to represent the ancient Elements of Fire or Air, depending on the Pagan tradition that one follows.
Elder, rowan, willow, hazel, and hawthorn are the types of wood traditionally used by European Witches in the making of wands. Metals can be used for wand-making, and the most popular are: silver (ruled by the Moon and the Element of Water), copper (ruled by the planet Venus and the Element of Water), brass (ruled by the Sun and the Element of Fire), and gold (ruled by the Sun and Element of Fire).
Wands made of silver or copper possess feminine receptive energy, while those of brass or gold possess energy that is maculine projective energy.
Nowadays, it is not unusual for wooden or metal wands to have affixed to one or both ends a quartz crystal, a faceted gem, or a polished stone for amplificationof magickal energies. Some wands are even entirely made of crystal.